A Study on the Labour Market Experiences of Canada's LGBTQ Community


Denier, Nicole and Sean Waite. 2017. “Sexual orientation wage gaps across contexts: Evidence from Canada.” Industrial Relations / Relations Industrielles. 72(4): 734-762.

Denier, Nicole and Sean Waite. 2017. “Data and Discrimination: A Research Note on Sexual Orientation in the Canadian Labour Market.” at Canadian Journal of Population Studies 43(3-4): 264-71.

Waite, Sean and Nicole Denier. 2016. “Self-employment among same-sex and opposite-sex couples in Canada.” Canadian Review of Sociology 53(2): 143-175.

Waite, Sean. 2015. “Does it really get better? A quasi-cohort analysis of sexual minority wage gaps in Canada.” Social Science Research 54: 113-130.

Waite, Sean and Nicole Denier. 2015. “Gay Pay for Straight Work: Mechanisms Generating Disadvantage.” Gender & Society 29(4): 561-588.

Waite, Sean and Nicole Denier. March 14, 2016. “There’s a wage hierarchy based on sexual orientation.” London School of Economics, Business Review.

Waite, Sean and Nicole Denier. July 1, 2015. “How your sexual orientation can affect how much you earn” The London School of Economics and Political Science Daily Blog on American Politics and Policy.

Waite, Sean and Nicole Denier. May 19, 2015. “Gay Pay for Straight Work” Gender & Society Blog.


Yahoo News Finance, Article. "Wage gap exists for LGBTQ Canadians, and current research doesn't tell the full story."

Newsweek Opinion, Article. “Are Gay Employees Paid Less Than Straight Ones?”

GayStarNews, Article. “Canada study confirms that gay men earn less than straight men but lesbians earn more than straight women.”

OUT.com, Article, “Gay Wage: Why We Earn Less than Straight Men

Instinct Article, “Unequal Pay: The Gay Wage Gap. Does it Exist?

Navigaytour, Article. “The Gay Wage: Why We Earn Less than Straight Men.

Yahoo News Finance, “Gay men make less than straight men, but lesbians out-earn straight women, study finds.

The Atlantic, “Unequal Pay: The Gay Wage Gap; why is it widest for some of the highest-paying jobs?”

 The Ottawa Sun. “Sexual orientation affects wages.”

The Kingston Whig Standard, Interview. “Study unveils sexual-orientation wage gaps”  

CTV News Montreal, Live Interview. “Pay stud stub.” (Nicole Denier)

Radio Interview, AM 770 News Talk Radio

The Loop, Article. “Does it pay to be a straight women? The sad reality about Canadian workplaces.”

Radio Interview, CBC homerun Montreal (Nicole Denier)

Toronto SunNews, Article. “Sexual orientation can affect pay”

Global News, Interview. “Does your sexual orientation affect how much you get paid at work? A new study from McGill University says yes.”

Le Journal De Montreal, Article “Les hétérosexuels gagnent plus que les gais et lesbiennes.”

Global News, Interview. “Gay men in relationships make less money than straight men.”

 CTV News, Article. “Gay men earn less than straight men, opposite for gay women: McGill Study Finds”